Experts comments

M.Samus: "Termination of DRSMD: what will be the consequences for the world and Ukraine"

2 terminated the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Low Range Missiles (DRSMD) in August. Many then spoke of the start of a new arms race in the United States and Russia. However, there will be no arms race, as Russia is not currently regarded by the United States as a subject of international relations on an equal footing with the US, China and the European Union. There are currently three centers of power in the world: the United States, China and the European Union. The EU is mainly positioned in the economic sphere, but the US and China are the two superpowers that are today forming new rules and a new format for relations.

The RSDL Treaty was concluded not between Russia and the States, but between the Soviet Union and the United States. The Soviet Union was a state that is in no way comparable to the present-day Russian Federation. Attempts to equate Russia to the Soviet Union are a huge mistake on the part of the international community and Ukraine. Ukraine, like many other countries, was also a Soviet Union. And it is our country that has proven itself as a very responsible country that, having gained independence, has lost its nuclear potential in exchange for security guarantees from Russia, the United States, Britain, China and France. That is, Ukraine in its time took a step forward and made a major contribution to the stabilization of relations after the Cold War. At this time, the "arms race" of Russia and the United States is not at all. But Ukraine, still in the information space that Moscow imposes on it, is considering ending the DRSMD in this context. In fact, the DRSMD was not about Russia. It regulated the relationship between the Soviet Union, which is long gone, and the United States of America. Over the last 30 years, much has changed, first of all, the role of China, which did not participate in this treaty, and therefore produced hundreds of missiles beyond the DRSMD, and thus jeopardized the security of the United States. The United States has decided to advance the level and invited all countries with nuclear weapons and medium- and low-range nuclear weapons capabilities to conclude and sign a new treaty. It is in this context that the termination of the DRSMD should be considered, not listening to the Russians shouting that a new "arms race" is beginning in Europe.

It is now about the United States, China and other countries, including India, Russia, Pakistan and many other countries that may have nuclear weapons and are now outside the old RSDL Treaty signed by the United States and the USSR in the 80 years. If the Russians did not try to present themselves as the USSR, Russia today is a backward country at the regional level. From the perspective of Ukraine, this process is a positive one. Our country was part of the USSR and after its collapse fulfilled its obligations under this treaty. And we were not restricted - we voluntarily agreed to limit the release of missiles more than 500 km range. So, in the war with Russia, it is advantageous for us that the DRSMD did not act at all, then we could safely begin development and production of medium- and short-range missiles, which can become an instrument of deterrence of Russian aggression, and, therefore, create such conditions under which the Russians will feel threatened by Ukraine. For now, Moscow is convinced that there is no threat from Russia on the part of Russia. And that unleashes Russia's hands, for example, for the actions we observed last November near the Kerch Strait. Europeans cannot forbid Ukraine from moving in this direction. There are no mechanisms in place to allow Europe to do this.

If Europeans were allies of Ukraine, fought with us against the Russians, they would have at least a moral allied right to coordinate with us. But as Europe does not fight side by side with Ukraine, we independently repel Russian aggression, we have the right to self-defense. After all, all UN and other international instruments state that an independent nation has the right to defend its sovereignty and state integrity. Now Russia has violated Ukraine's sovereignty and state integrity. By the way, Russia has also violated the Budapest Memorandum with these actions. Although many people say that the Budapest Memorandum is just a "Filkina diploma", I do not agree with that. The Budapest Memorandum is a UN document, no matter what it is called - a memorandum or otherwise, but it has the signatures of the President of the United States, the Prime Minister of Great Britain, not to mention the President of the Russian Federation. Later, France joined the document. But these two gentlemen - the President of the United States and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom - are not names but positions. And they are responsible for the implementation of this memorandum. Therefore, they not only cannot forbid us from creating such a missile shield, but they must also assist us in this. I emphasize that this is not about renewing nuclear weapons in Ukraine - we are talking about medium- and short-range missiles with conventional ammunition. Following the termination of the Treaty on the Elimination of Medium and Low Range Missiles in Germany, they also discussed a new arms race and expressed fears that NATO would now begin to strengthen its presence in Eastern Europe, in particular, to launch relevant missiles in European countries. However, it should be borne in mind that the German politicum has a really obstructive role in this regard, because they believe and openly say that in the context of global competition and a new format of cooperation between the US, China and the EU, thanks to their resources is the tool that can help Europeans, including the Germans, compete effectively with the US and China. In other words, they believe that Germany can use Russia's resources to remain a global power in economic and security terms. From the Germans' point of view, Ukraine is a "gray zone" that should remain so, and thus, as a buffer for Europe, not to allow the Russian barbarians to move further Europe, as well as to balance the situation in Central Europe and reassure Russia. Because if Ukraine becomes a member of NATO or the EU, Russia will be extremely annoyed and then Europe will not be able to use Russia for its own purposes. That is, the question is a completely selfish approach of the Germans, based on their national interests: how to use Ukraine to then use Russia. However, Ukraine has its own national interests and we should not listen to the Germans. But in order for us to act on our own, we urgently need to launch the economy, both on its basis, as well as on the basis of an effective society, an effective state and a nation, to move on. If we remain a corrupt, backward and poor country from which citizens flee, no national interests can lead us to the role of regional leader. So we will remain a "gray zone", which will be used to the benefit of the Russians, Germans and all who wish.

Interview published by UNIAN